This December will see Paris host the COP21, the biggest conference yet, aimed at changing the regulation for environment and climate change. Today, due to globalisation, exchanges between countries are more and more important with people and merchandise having to travel more regularly.
As people travel to discover new countries and cultures and to create new business and partnerships, aeronautic industry tries to find new eco-friendly ways to fly. Airbus is a major actor in this field with the E-Fan project. Indeed the company created a plane which uses 100% electric power!
This little plane is the first plan totally eco-friendly machine as it does not emit any harmful gases, such as CO2 in the atmosphere on account of it not being powered by fossil fuels. It flew for the first time in 2014, and in 2015 it crossed the English Channel to show the world that air travel is not dependent on petrol, and that electricity can provide enough energy to fly safely above the sea.
Moreover, the benefits of travelling with an electric plane will also change the lives of thousands of people living next to airports. Indeed electrical engines are much quieter than what we are used to and creates less vibrations so these long white strips will tend to disappear of our blue sky.
As the E-Fan is a real success, Airbus is designing a 4-seat version and is developing more powerful engines to fly longer distances. The company hopes that they will be able to provide 100% electric passenger plans such as A321 or even the huge A380 by 2050.
So today everyone is doing something for environment, even YOU can do something. So if you want to travel, favour green means of transport such as the train or even your bike for shorter distances! And maybe in few years you will fly to another continent in a 100% electric and quiet plane such as the E-Fan!
In 1997, the Kyoto Protocol was signed in order to reduce gas emissions, such as CO2 in the atmosphere and fight the global warming of our planet. To limit the industrial pollution, some countries have implemented laws and taxes, when others proposed targets or maximum emissions.
Even with this agreement and regulations on industry, global temperatures are still rising. It increased by one degree during the last century, and we are heading to one more this century. If the earth’s temperature gains another degree, it will be the limit for us to have a safe life, for a healthy environment and an efficient economy. Global warming, is contributing to the melting of the glaciers and rise of the sea level, to the destruction of ecosystems, to weather changing… and all of that impacts humankind. Villages are flooded, crops are destroyed and food doesn’t grow correctly, new diseases are appearing and finally, states are spending billions of dollars to try to fix these issues.
Because of the “failure” of the Kyoto Protocol to reduce gas emissions, the COP21 conference will be held in Paris in December 2015 in order to find new ways to reduce pollution, and to regulate companies and industry; but this time, all countries will have to implement the same rules and laws. Governments will try to find solutions to fight over-consumption of energy and above all reject toxic gas emissions in the atmosphere. They will promote renewable green energies using the sun, water, wind or natural warmth.
As a student, you can do something to save the planet as well. Indeed basic actions made by a lot of people can change the future. For example remember to turn off the light when leaving a room, and shut down your TV or computer when you’ve finished using them. Also recycling your waste is very important because making a can from recycled material uses 3 times less energy than creating a new one.
Above all, you have to teach other people how to do all of that, explain to them why they have to work for the planet and their future. Show them the benefits of their actions.